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Spear Lily Family

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Doryanthaceae  R. Dahlgren and Clifford 1985

The Family Doryanthaceae contains the single genus Doryanthes.
These plants were formerly grouped within the Agavaceae as Furcraea australis.


Doryanthes  Corrêa 1802 (Spear Lilies)
Name: Greek doratos = spear + anthos = flower

This genus includes two species D. excelsa and D. palmeri, whose basal rosettes are formed from large, leathery lanceolate leaves. Roots are tuberous enabling the plants to withstand bush fires and to clump up from the tubers. Natural flowering occurs following bush fires, the smoke from which also stimulates germination of the seeds. The inflorescence is a raceme of intense red flowers which are probably bird pollinated.
Both species are native to Eastern Australia. Aboriginals ate the immature inflorescences and ground the fleshy root tubers into a pulp to make cakes.

Doryanthes palmeri  A.W. Hill ex Bentham 1873 (Giant Spear Lily)
Named for: Sir Arthur Hunter Palmer (1819-1898), Queensland Premier (1870-1874) 
The lanceolate leaves can grow up to 10 ft long and the inflorescence at least 12ft.
Native to Queensland and New South Wales.
Flowering in cultivation is said to be infrequent although fire smoke might help.

Doryanthes palmeriDoryanthes palmeriDoryanthes palmeriDoryanthes palmeri